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Home > World Gardens >

Royal Botanic Garden Sydney

The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney, commonly referred to as the Sydney Botanic Garden, is a renowned botanical garden located in the heart of Sydney, Australia. It is one of the most visited and historically significant botanical gardens in the country.

Location: Sydney, Australia


The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney was established in 1816, making it the oldest scientific institution in Australia. It was initially created as a vegetable garden to provide food for the growing colony. Over the years, it has evolved into a major botanical research and educational institution.


The garden is situated in a prime location near the Sydney Opera House, in close proximity to the Sydney Central Business District (CBD). Its picturesque setting on the shores of Sydney Harbour offers stunning views of the water, the iconic Harbour Bridge, and the city skyline.

Garden Layout:

The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney covers an area of 30 hectares (74 acres) and features a diverse range of plant collections, themed gardens, and recreational spaces. It is designed to showcase both native Australian flora and plants from around the world.

Plant Collections:

The garden boasts an extensive collection of plant species, including native Australian plants, tropical and subtropical plants, succulents, ferns, palms, and a wide variety of flowers. It serves as an important conservation site for preserving endangered plant species and conducting scientific research.

Themed Gardens:

The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney features several themed gardens that highlight different plant species and landscapes. Notable themed areas include the Australian Rainforest Garden, the Palm Grove, the Rose Garden, the Herb Garden, the Oriental Garden, and the Succulent Garden. Each garden offers a unique experience and showcases the diversity of plant life.

The Calyx:

The Calyx is a contemporary glasshouse within the garden that serves as an exhibition and event space. It hosts various seasonal displays, educational exhibits, and interactive installations. The Calyx often features botanical art, horticultural displays, and informative exhibitions on plant science and conservation.

Walking Trails and Outdoor Spaces:

The garden provides a network of walking trails that meander through its lush landscapes, allowing visitors to explore and enjoy the natural beauty. There are ample picnic areas, lawns, and seating spots where visitors can relax, have a meal, or simply take in the scenic surroundings.

Cultural and Historical Significance:

The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney holds great cultural and historical significance. It has played a significant role in the development of Australia's botanical knowledge and has strong ties to Aboriginal heritage and culture. The garden collaborates with Indigenous communities to promote understanding and appreciation of the land's cultural and botanical heritage.

Events and Activities:

The garden hosts a range of events and activities throughout the year, including guided tours, workshops, outdoor concerts, art exhibitions, and seasonal festivals. These events cater to diverse interests and provide engaging experiences for visitors of all ages.

The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney offers a captivating blend of natural beauty, botanical diversity, educational opportunities, and recreational spaces in the heart of Sydney. It serves as a tranquil oasis where visitors can connect with nature, explore various plant collections, and appreciate the significance of plants in our lives and ecosystems.

(Image:By Wpcpey - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

Find out more:

To find out more about Royal Botanic Garden Sydney, or if you want to visit, Click Here.

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